codex

co·dex (kō’dĕks′)
n. pl. co·di·ces (kō’dĭ-sēz′, kŏd’ĭ-) A manuscript volume, especially of a classic work or of the Scriptures.
[Latin cōdex, cōdic-, tree trunk, wooden tablet, book, variant of caudex, trunk.]
Word History: Cōdex is a variant of caudex, a wooden stump to which petty criminals were tied in ancient Rome, rather like our stocks. This was also the word for a book made of thin wooden strips coated with wax upon which one wrote. The usual modern sense of codex, "book formed of bound leaves of paper or parchment," is due to Christianity. By the first century BC there existed at Rome notebooks made of leaves of parchment, used for rough copy, first drafts, and notes. By the first century AD such manuals were used for commercial copies of classical literature. The Christians adopted this parchment manual format for the Scriptures used in their liturgy because a codex is easier to handle than a scroll and because one can write on both sides of a parchment but on only one side of a papyrus scroll. By the early second century all Scripture was reproduced in codex form. In traditional Christian iconography, therefore, the Hebrew prophets are represented holding scrolls and the Evangelists holding codices.

Word Histories. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • codex — codex …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Codex — Codex …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • CODEX — Tablettes de bois reliées entre elles, sur lesquelles les Romains écrivaient un texte; au Moyen Âge, ce terme désigne tous les manuscrits à folios brochés. Le codex est généralement protégé par une reliure qui peut être simplement de cuir ou bien …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Codex — • The name given to a manuscript in leaf form, distinguishing it from a roll Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Codex     Codex     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • codex — CÓDEX s.n. v. codice. Trimis de hai, 22.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  códex s. n., pl. códexuri Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  CÓDEX codexuri n. înv …   Dicționar Român

  • Codex — (röm. Ant.), 1) Baumstamm; 2) Klotz, welchen Sklaven, daran geschmiedet, nach sich schleppten, um am Fliehen gehindert zu werden; 3) aus einem Stamm ausgehöhlter Kahn; 4) Handschrift, Buch, Gesetzbuch; daher 5) ein Buch, namentlich ein aus… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • codex — manuscript volume (especially an ancient one), 1845, from L. codex (see CODE (Cf. code)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Codex — Co dex, n.; pl. {Codices}. [L. See {Code}.] 1. A book; a manuscript. [1913 Webster] 2. A collection or digest of laws; a code. Burrill. [1913 Webster] 3. An ancient manuscript of the Sacred Scriptures, or any part of them, particularly the New… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Codex — (lat.), s. Kodex …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Codex — (lat., Mehrzahl Codĭces), die zu einem Buch verbundenen Schreibwachstafeln der Römer; nach der Erfindung der Buchdruckerkunst s.v.w. alte Handschrift (C. manuscriptus), z.B. C. argentĕus, die mit silbernen Buchstaben geschriebene, zu Upsala… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Codex [1] — Codex, lat., Baumstamm, ferner hölzerne Tafel, auf welche eine Schrift eingegraben wurde, sodann hölzerne Tafel mit Wachs überzogen zum Beschreiben mittelst des Griffels; endlich Buch, besonders großes …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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